Officially the Republic of Guatemala Is a sovereign state located in Central America, at its northwestern end, With an ample indigenous culture product of the Mayan inheritance and the Castilian influence during the colonial time.
In spite of its relatively small territorial extension, Guatemala counts with a great climatic variety, product of its mountainous relief that goes from the level of the sea until 4220 meters on that level.
This leads to the existence of diverse ecosystems in the country ranging from the mangroves of the Pacific wetlands to the cloud forests of high mountains. It is bordered to the west and north by Mexico, to the east by Belize, the Gulf of Honduras (the Caribbean Sea) and the Republic of Honduras, to the southeast by El Salvador, and to the south by the Pacific Ocean. The country has an area of 108 889 km².
The economy of Guatemala is the ninth in Latin America and the first in Central America. The largest sector in the economy is agriculture, with Guatemala being the world’s largest exporter of cardamom, the fifth largest exporter of sugar and the seventh largest coffee producer. The tourism sector is the second largest generator of foreign exchange for the country, industry is an important branch of the Guatemalan economy and the service sector that year after year takes on greater importance, making the typical Guatemalan economy based on agriculture in an economy based on the provision of services. The national currency is the Quetzal.
Guatemala receives about two million tourists annually. In recent years, many cruise ships have visited Guatemala’s main seaports, leading to more tourists visiting the country.
In its territory there are fascinating Mayan archeological sites (Tikal in the Petén, Quiriguá in Izabal, Iximché in Tecpán Chimaltenango, and in the City of Guatemala). As destinations of natural beauty is the Lake Atitlán and Semuc Champey. As historical tourism is the colonial city of Antigua Guatemala, which is a Cultural Heritage recognized by UNESCO.
The Guatemalan gastronomy has as one of its bases the corn, with a great variety of dishes in which it is indispensable to use this grass, or as the tomato used in the elaboration of the various “recados” and “chirmoles”.
Bean is another primordial ingredient, where the black beans are the most consumed because they are part of the daily food in Guatemala households. The seeds are not left behind in their gastronomic contribution, as the cocoa seeds that are used in ceremonial recipes from the Mayan villages.
Ciudad de Guatemala
Guatemala City locally known as Guatemala or Guate, is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Guatemala, and the most populous in Central America. The city is located in the south-central part of the country, nestled in a mountain valley called Valle de la Ermita.
It has numerous sites of cultural, artistic and architectural interest such as the Reformer’s Tower, the Monument to John Paul II on Avenida Las Américas, El Reloj de Flores, the Temple of the Church of the Saints of the Last Days, among others.